- Understand the mechanisms of cellular adaptation in response to: increased workload, decreased workload, hormonal influences, and environmental factors.
- Be able to define and describe specific mechanisms of adaptation (e.g., hypertrophy, hyperplasia, atrophy, etc.).
- Know which cells in the body are labile, stable, or permanently non-dividing.
- Be able to distinguish between hyperplasia, metaplasia, and neoplasia and understand the basic mechanisms responsible for these processes.