This Is Your Brain On Informatics: Common Pathnames

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Restarting, reloading, etc. a Service

/etc/init.d/[service] [operation]


  • nginx
  • mysql
  • php5-fpm
  • denyhosts


  • start
  • stop
  • reload
  • restart
  • force-reload

Network File


Important Deny Hosts Files

The hosts.deny file is for blocking IP addresses.


The hosts.allow file is for permanently giving access to IP addresses.