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RADIOLOGY: HEPATOBILIARY: Case# 32868: HEMANGIOMA, BILIARY DILATATION. A 69 year old male with hepatic lesions noted on prior chest CT. CT to evaluate lesions. Comparison made with prior pertinent CT chest images (4-10-95). There are multiple liver lesions which have multiple, peripheral nodular regions of contrast enhancement. These lesions subsequently become isodense on delayed images Additionally, there is moderate, central left hepatic biliary duct dilatation which extends medially to the region inferior to the largest hemangioma. Hemangiomas are a common incidental finding on routine imaging surveys of the liver and may pose an important diagnostic problem in patients with a known primary malignancy. Hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of the liver. They are usually found in the right hepatic lobe and are subcapsular in location. The CT appearance of hemangiomas after a bolus injection of iodinated contrast material with dynamic scanning demonstrates a dense peripheral enhancement, which eccentrically fills in toward the center of the lesion on delayed scan. This is the most common finding and is seen in approximately 85% of lesions greater than 3cm in size. The angiographic appearance of a hemangioma is classic, with puddling of contrast material within the tumor, which remains visible on delayed, prolonged filming sequences. Some hemangiomas exhibit atypical features such as cystic areas probably caused by hemorrhage or thrombosis. Other lesions simply fail to show the typical pattern well enough to confirm the diagnosis.

Peter Anderson