IPLab:Lab 7:Bronchogenic Carcinoma

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Clinical Summary[edit]

This 55-year-old white male had a long history of emphysema and a 60-70 pack-year smoking history. He was in his usual state of health until about one month before admission, at which time he developed increasing dyspnea on exertion. At the same time, his sputum increased from two tablespoons to half a cup of yellow blood-streaked sputum a day. Chest x-ray showed a right hilar mass. Sputum cytology revealed abnormal cells that were "positive for malignancy." He later developed pneumonia and fever. The patient expired soon thereafter.


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Related IPLab Cases[edit]

Pulmonary emphysema is a condition in which the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles are permanently increased in size due to either destruction of the wall or alveolar dilatation.

A pack-year denotes smoking one pack of cigarettes per day for one year.

In alcoholics, aspiration pneumonia is common--bacteria enter the lung via aspiration of gastric contents.

Hypercalcemia is the state of having increased levels of calcium in the blood.